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  • Well-Being and Work-Life Balance: Cultural, Positive Psychology, and Practical Perspectives

Well-Being and Work-Life Balance: Cultural, Positive Psychology, and Practical Perspectives

  • 24 Jan 2020
  • 5:15 PM - 7:00 PM
  • Dean Given's home at 658 Chelham Way, Montecito
  • 7

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Well-Being and Work-Life Balance: Cultural, Positive Psychology, and Practical Perspectives with Michael Bolton, M.D. 

Course Outline: 

There is no empirically-valid (or magic) formula via which we can create the optimal work-life balance. Nevertheless, we will explore 2 empirically-informed perspectives by which we can gain practical insight into how to more effectively create a balance that is effective for us. We will explore the following: 

1. Explore the PERMA framework: Positive emotions, Engagement, ‘authentic” interpersonal Relationships, a life that we judge to be Meaningful and one where we use our skills to achieve a sense of Accomplishment. (30min)

2. We’ll review empirical research on quality of life and well-being from the Nordic/Scandinavian cultural perspective. (30min)

3. We will also talk about suggestions to enhance work-life balance. Learning to say no if you are too busy, Practicing self-care, Not taking work home with you, Making time for friends and family outside of work, and reducing work email and work phone access. (30min) 


Learning Objectives: 

Upon completion of the course participants will be able to:

1. Summarize what work/life balance is; 

2. Describe how to achieve it; 

3. Review strategies for implementing these suggestions. 


References: 

1. Antai D, Anthony DS, Braithwaite B, Oke A. A ‘Balanced’ Life: Work-Life Balance and Sickness Absence in Four Nordic Countries. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine . 2015;6(4): 205-222. 

2. Lunau T, Bambra C, Eikemo TA, van der Wel KA, Dragano N. A balancing act? Work-life balance, health, and well-being in European welfare states. European Journal of Public Health. 2014;24(3): 422-427. 

3. Kvande, K. Work-Life Balance for Fathers in Globalized Knowledge Work. Some Insights from the Norwegian Context. Gender, Work, & Organization. 2008;16(1). 

4. Artazcoz L, Cortes I, Puig-Barrachina V, Benavides FG. Escriba-Aquir V. Borrell C. Combining employment and family in Europe: the role of family policies in health. European Journal of Public Health. 2013;24(4): 649-655. 

5. Mayo Clinic. Work-Life balance: Tips to reclaim control. Available from: https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/work-life-balance/art-20048134 [Accessed 2nd March 2019]. 

6. Jayawickreme E, Foregard M, Seligman MEP. The Engine of Well-Being, Review of General Psychology. 2012;16(4): 327-342. 

7. Henriques G, Kleinman K. The Nested Model of Well-Being: A Unified Approach. Review of General Psychology. 2014;18(1): 7-18. 

8. Helliwell J, Layard R, & Sachs J. World Happiness Report 2018, New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network. Available from: http://worldhappiness.report/ed/2018/ [Accessed 20 th February 2019] 

9. Knudsen K. Striking a different balance: Work-family conflict for female and managers in a Scandinavian Context. Gender in Management. 2009; 24(4): 252-269. 

10. Limb M. Could UK doctors learn from Norwegian doctors’ shorter working hours? The BMJ . 2014. 349: 74-90. 

11. OECD. OECD Better Life Index [Internet]. Oecdbetterlifeindex.org. 2019 [cited 1 February 2019]. Available from: 

http://www.oecdbetterlifeindex.org/countries/denmark/ 

12. Pencavel J. The Productivity of Working Hours [Internet]. Ftp.iza.org . 2019 [cited 1 March 2019]. Available from: http://ftp.iza.org/dp8129.pdf 

13. Seligman M. Flourish: A visionary new understanding of happiness and well-being. 1st ed. New York, NY: Free Press; 2011. 

14. Diener E, Seligman MEP. Beyond money: Progress on an economy of well-being. Perspectives on Psychological Science [Internet]. 2018 Mar [cited 2019 Mar 31];13(2):171–5. 

15. Duarte JL. Beyond life satisfaction: A scientific approach to well-being gives us much more to measure. In: Parks AC, Schueller SM, editors. The Wiley Blackwell handbook of positive psychological interventions [Internet]. Wiley-Blackwell; 2014 [cited 2019 Mar 31]. p. 433–49. 

16. Gillham JE. The science of optimism and hope: Research essays in honor of Martin E P Seligman. Gillham JE, editor. 2000 [cited 2019 Mar 31]; 

17. Jayawickreme E, Forgeard M, Seligman M. The Engine of Well-Being. Review of General Psychology. 2012;16(4):327–342. 

18. Peterson C, Park N. Character strengths and the life of meaning. In: Wong PTP, editor. The human quest for meaning: Theories, research, and applications, 2nd ed [Internet]. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group; 2012 [cited 2019 Apr 3]. p. 277–95 

19. Peterson C, Seligman MEP. Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification [Internet]. Washington, DC; New York, NY: American Psychological Association; 2004 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. 

20. Brandel M, Vescovelli F, Ruini C. Beyond Ryff’s scale: Comprehensive measures of eudaimonic well-being in clinical populations A systematic review. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy [Internet]. 2017 Nov [cited 2018 Dec 6];24(6):O1524–46 

21. Diener E, Wirtz D, Tov W, Kim-Prieto C, Choi D, Oishi S, et al. New well-being measures: Short scales to assess flourishing and positive and negative feelings. Social Indicators Research [Internet]. 2010 Jun [cited 2019 Apr 1];97(2):143–56. 

22. Lindert J, Bain PA, Kubzansky LD, Stein C. Well-being measurement and the WHO health policy Health 2010: Systematic review of measurement scales. European Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 2015 Aug 1 [cited 2018 Dec 6];25(4):731–40. 

23. The Perma Model of Well-Being. Wikimedia Commons. Viewed on 15 April 2019. < https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

24. Lyubomirsky, King & Diener, 2005 Lybomirsky S, King L, Diener E. The Benefits of Frequent Positive Affect: Does Happiness Lead to Success? Psychological Bulletin. 2015 . 131(6): 803-855. 

25. Danner DD, Friesen WV, Collier SM. Personal narratives, positive emotions, and long lives: The Nun Study. In: Lopez SJ, editor. Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people, Vol 2: Capitalizing on emotional experiences [Internet]. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group; 2008 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. p. 21–36 

26. Danner DD, Snowdon DA, Friesen WV. Positive emotions in early life and longevity: Findings from the nun study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology [Internet]. 2001 May [cited 2019 Apr 1];80(5):804–13. 

27. Isen AM. Some Perspectives on Positive Feelings and Emotions: Positive Affect Facilitates Thinking and Problem Solving. In: Manstead ASR, Frijda N, Fischer A, editors. Feelings and emotions: The Amsterdam symposium [Internet]. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press; 2004 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. p. 263–81 

28. Moskowitz JT, Clark MS, Ong AD, Gruber J. The role of positive affect on thinking and decision-making: A tribute to Alice Isen. In: Gruber J, Moskowitz JT, editors. Positive emotion: Integrating the light sides and dark sides [Internet]. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; 2014 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. p. 72–7. 

29. Parks AC, Schueller SM. The Wiley Blackwell handbook of positive psychological interventions [Internet]. Parks AC, Schueller SM, editors. Wiley-Blackwell; 2014 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. 

30. Lyubomirsky S, Layous K. How do simple positive activities increase well-being? Current Directions in Psychological Science [Internet]. 2013 Feb [cited 2019 Apr 1];22(1):57–62. 

31. Csikszentmihalyi M. Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention [Internet]. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers; 1997 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. 

32. Csikszentmihalyi M. Applications of flow in human development and education: The collected works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi [Internet]. New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media; 2014 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. 

33. Boffi M, Riva E, Rainisio N, Inghilleri P. Social psychology of flow: A situated framework for optimal experience. In: Harmat L, Andersen FØ, Ullén F, Wright J, Sadlo G, editors. Flow experience: Empirical research and applications [Internet]. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. p. 215–31. 

34. Lucas HE. Social flow: Optimal experience with others at work and play. In: Warren MA, Donaldson SI, editors. Toward a positive psychology of relationships: New directions in theory and research [Internet]. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger/ABC-CLIO; 2018 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. p. 179–92. 

35. Maeran R, Cangiano F. Flow experience and job characteristics: Analyzing the role of flow in job satisfaction. TPM-Testing, Psychometrics, Methodology in Applied Psychology [Internet]. 2013 Mar [cited 2019 Apr 1];20(1):13–26. 

36. Csikszentmihalyi M, Montijo MN, Mouton AR. Flow theory: Optimizing elite performance in the creative realm. In: Pfeiffer SI, Shaunessy-Dedrick E, Foley-Nicpon M, editors. APA handbook of giftedness and talent [Internet]. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2018 [cited 2019 Apr 1]. p. 215–29. 

37. Driver J, Tabares A, Shapiro AF, Gottman JM. Couple interaction in happy and unhappy marriages: Gottman Laboratory studies. In: Walsh F, editor. Normal family processes: Growing diversity and complexity, 4th ed [Internet]. New York, NY: The Guilford Press; 2012 [cited 2019 Apr 3]. p. 57–77. 

38. Dutton JE, Workman KM, Hardin AE. Compassion at work. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2019 Apr 2];1:277–304. 

39. Wong PTP. The human quest for meaning: Theories, research, and applications, 2nd ed [Internet]. Wong PTP, editor. New York, NY: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group; 2012 [cited 2019 Apr 5]. 

40. Wong PTP. Viktor Frankl’s meaning-seeking model and positive psychology. In: Batthyany A, Russo-Netzer P, editors. Meaning in positive and existential psychology [Internet]. New York, NY: Springer Science + Business Media; 2014 [cited 2019 Apr 3]. p. 149–84. 

41. Eakman A. A Subjectively-Based Definition of Life Balance using Personal Meaning in Occupation. Journal of Occupational Science [Internet]. 2014 [cited 1 February 2019];23(1):108-127. Available from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14427591.2014.955603 

42. Gregory A, Milner S. Editorial: Work-life Balance: A Matter of Choice?. Gender, Work & Organization. 2009;16(1):1-13. 

43. Steger MF, Dik BJ. If one is looking for meaning in life, does it help to find meaning in work? Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being [Internet]. 2009 Sep [cited 2018 Nov 11];1(3):303–20. 

44. Pascha M. The PERMA Model: Your Scientific Theory of Happiness [Internet]. Positivepsychologyprogram.com. 2019. [cited 1 April 2019]. Available from: https://positivepsychologyprogram.com/perma-model/ 

45. Adler P. What is PERMA by Martin Seligman [Internet]. GoStrengths!. 2019 [cited 1 April 2019]. Available from: https://gostrengths.com/whatisperma/ 


CPA is co-sponsoring with Santa Barbara County Psychological Association (SBCPA). The California Psychological Association is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists.  CPA maintains responsibility for this program and its contents.

Important Notice:Those who attend the workshop and complete the CPA evaluation form will receive (1.5) continuing education credits. Please note that APA CE rules require that we give credit only to those who attend the entire workshop. Those arriving more than 15 minutes after the start time or leaving before the workshop is completed will not receive CE credits.

This salon will be held at 658 Chelham Way, Montecito, CA 93108.




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